Hindu Law: Maintenance For 2nd Wife if Man Lies About First Wedding

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Hindu Law: Maintenance For 2nd Wife if Man Lies About First Wedding
Mon 21-10-2013

Deccan Herald reported: "Marrying second time by hiding existence of first wedlock is illegal but the second wife is to be treated as the "legally wedded wife" for the purpose of getting maintenance from her husband under Hindu Marriage Act, the Supreme Court has ruled."

"A bench of justices Ranjana Prakash Desai and A K Sikri said that the apex court's earlier judgement denying maintenance to the second wife would not apply to those cases where a man marriages the second time by keeping the lady in the dark about the first surviving marriage."

"If this interpretation is not accepted, it would amount to giving a premium to the husband for defrauding the wife. Therefore, at least for the purpose of claiming maintenance under Section 125 of CrPC (maintenance), such a woman is to be treated as the legally wedded wife," the bench said.

"The apex court said that if the law is not interpreted in this way, then it would amount to "giving a premium to the husband for defrauding the wife".

"We are of the opinion that the judgements of this Court in Adhav and Savitaben cases would apply only in those circumstances where a woman married a man with full knowledge of the first subsisting marriage. In such cases, she should know that second marriage with such a person is impermissible and there is an embargo under the Hindu Marriage Act and, therefore, she has to suffer the consequences thereof.

"The said judgement would not apply to those cases where a man marries the second time by keeping that lady in the dark about the first surviving marriage. That is the only way two sets of judgements can be reconciled and harmonized," the bench said.

The court passed the order while dismissing an appeal filed by a man challenging a Bombay High Court verdict directing him to pay maintenance to his second wife whom he married by suppressing existence of his first marriage.